With a range of 80 miles and the ability to accelerate from 0 to 50 miles per hour in just seven seconds, the EV1 quickly gained a cult following. The emotionality associated with a discontinued product was unlike anything seen before, and culminated in a mock funeral on July 24, 2003, in Los Angeles’ iconic Hollywood Forever Cemetery, complete with bagpipes and mourners. the addition of the pudding reminded me of a jiffy no bake cheesecake. In later days it ran "award winning" doomsday-style advertising featuring the EV1 and ran customer surveys which emphasized drawbacks to electronic vehicle technology which were not actually present in the EV1. Unfortunately, the car did not get a good response from the buyers and could only survive for 3 years, before it was killed. In addition to EV1, the film also depicted how Toyota RAV4 EV, and Honda EV Plus were being cancelled by their respective car companies. With the EV1, General Motors put electric technology back in the spotlight after a long hiatus. Most were using the EM4100 protocol card (a type of 125khz card) or a CMOS IC-based card, which had the information about the tag or fob stored openly. At the time GM's EV1 came to market, it came with a lead acid battery with a range of 60 miles. So Thirty One Hundred and Fifty gas cars had to be sold just to break even for every one EV1. This page will keep you informed of the latest risks and effective solutions. New Testament Old Testament; Matthew 27: 30 They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the head again and again. They were built in response to California’s mandate that required car manufacturers to offer zero-emissions cars … CARB had previously defended the regulation for more than 12 years. That was always intended to be a demonstrator vehicle and the laws that protect consumers from automakers abandoning vehicles that they depend upon made it economically infeasible for GM to continue to support the EV1. While EV1 was the first mass-produced electric car of modern times and is rather well … In 1996 General Motors introduced EV1 as the first mass-produced electric car. TapLinx Support. The EV1 was made available through limited lease-only agreements, initially to residents of the cities of Los Angeles, California and Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona. [citation needed], Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, Patent encumbrance of large automotive NiMH batteries, "Revenge of the Electric Car: World Premiere Announced", "The Rick Wagoner vehicles: Hits and misses", http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/who_killed_the_electric_car/, "'Who Killed the Electric Car? The film documents that the company which had supplied batteries for EV1, Ovonics, had been suppressed from announcing improved batteries, with double the range, lest CARB be convinced that batteries were improving. The documentary was featured at the Sundance, San Francisco, Tribeca, Los Angeles, Berlin, Deauville, and Wild and Scenic Environmental film festivals and was released in theaters worldwide in June 2006. In 2003, the California Air Resources Board (CARB), headed by Democrat Alan Lloyd, finally caved to industry pressure and drastically scaled back the ZEV mandate. One of the very first practical production EVs made by a major automaker, the GM EV1 was the future we're experiencing now, only with a mid-1990s sheen. In the mid-1910s, a Detroit Electric upgrade battery pack (with Edison’s nickel-iron cells) cost $600 all … All were mourned when they were abruptly crushed by GM. works best when it sticks to the facts. Tesla () - Get Report, Inc. was founded in 2003 by the engineers Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning in San Carlos, California.It was originally called Tesla Motors, a … The Model T price was under $300 by 1923 and many electrics were 10 times as costly. The second generation EV1 (and those released by Honda, Toyota, and others) from 1998 to the end of the program, featured nickel-metal-hydride or even lithium-ion (Nissan) batteries with a range of 100 or more miles. GM never responded to the EV drivers' offer to pay the residual lease value; $1.9 million was offered for the remaining 78 cars in Burbank, California before they were crushed. I’ve made many, many cheesecakes; unfortunately this one flopped. In the same year, Magnus Volk in Brighton, England made a three-wheeled electric car. I had to bake it for over 1 1/2 hours & it still didn’t set well. I knew the GEM was still around under a different owner, and I looked it up. EV1 Camo & Floral Socks, 5-Pack. Ralph Nader, in a brief appearance, points out that auto makers usually only respond to government regulation when it comes to important advances whether seat belts, airbags, catalytic converters, mileage requirements or, by implication, hybrid/electric cars. Who Killed the Electric Car? The film notes that Bush's chief of staff Andrew Card had recently been head of the American Automobile Manufacturers Alliance in California and then joined the White House with Dick Cheney, Condoleezza Rice, and other federal officials who were former executives or board members of oil and auto companies. Wally Rippel is a long-time proponent of electric vehicles. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an 89% approval rating based on 105 reviews, with an average rating of 7.19/10. Only 492 Units Of The S10 EV Were Made, And Only 60 Ever Sold. And since it shows no sign of slowing down, we can’t wait to see what’s next. Work on the GM electric car program continued after the end of PrEView. From the GMC Hummer EV1 to the Ford F-150 Tremor line, it’ll be interesting to see how many gauntlets are thrown in this segment for 2021. Towards the end of the film, a deactivated EV1 car #99 is found in the garage of Petersen Automotive Museum, with former EV sales representative, Chelsea Sexton, invited for a visit. the cheesecake lacked real lemon flavor; it needed lemon zest & fresh lemon juice. The crushing of Honda EV Plus only gained attention after appearing quite by accident on an episode of PBS's California's Gold with Huell Howser. Nearly 5000 electric cars were designed and manufactured by Chrysler, the Ford Motor Company, General Motors (GM), Honda, Nissan, and Toyota; and then later destroyed or donated to museums and educational institutions. However, six years after the release, General Motors recalled the model claiming liability and spare parts problems, making quite a few people angry. Other charges raised on GM included sabotaging their own product program, failing to produce cars to meet existing demand, and refusing to sell cars directly (it only leased them). While some were fans (as chronicled in the film), many more needed time to consider the advantages and disadvantages of these new cars; whether freedom from oil or with the perceived limitations of a city car with a 100-mile range. Generation 2 EV1 lease prices have not been established as of this writing, nor have the re-lease prices of the Generation 1 cars when the original leases expire. EV1 xFLY Hardside 20” Carry-on Luggage. GM's EV1 plugged into a charging station - Toyota's RAV4-EV vehicles are behind it. GM's EV1 electric car pictures. In 1996 GM launched the EV1 and it was a radical car. The oil industry, through its major lobby group the Western States Petroleum Association, is brought to task for financing campaigns to kill utility efforts to build public car charging stations. It was a big hit with consumers and environmentalist. Every truck manufacturer seems to be engaged in a game of perpetual one-upsmanship. The softer the better, these socks were made for lounging about or heading out. Well, you should. [4] A kilo of hydrogen has the same energy yield as a gallon of gasoline although production currently creates 12.5 kg CO2, 39% more than the 8.91 kg CO2 from a gasoline gallon. By failing to increase mileage standards in a meaningful way since the 1970s and now interfering in California, the federal government had again served short-term industry interests at the expense of long-range leadership on issues of oil dependency and cleaner cars. The Syclone made 280 hp and 350 pound-feet of torque, and GMC only made 3,000 of them. With EV, we need not get involved in seizing and defending the oil supplies of the Mideast; nor need we maintain fleets, bomb and incarcerate people we can't stand, give foreign aid to oily dictators, and so on. The film suggests Toyota supported the production of Toyota Prius hybrid in part as a response to Bill Clinton's Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles and other U.S. Government pressure that was later dropped. What made the EV1 truly infamous though, was the scandal that followed its cancellation, when GM's management exercised their right to recall the cars from lessees, after which the cars were … A few months before that Press Club announcement, GM … Footage shot in the meetings showed Lloyd shutting down battery electric car proponents while giving the car makers all the time they wanted to make their points. 2019 Audi E-Tron - … Free advertising. EV1, General Motors (1996-1999) General Motors beat everyone — even Elon Musk’s Tesla — to the punch by creating the first mass-produced electric car from a major global automaker back in 1996. A portion of the film details GM's efforts to demonstrate to California that there was no consumer demand for their product, and then to take back every EV1 and destroy them. Instead, GM stupidly leased the car out to customers and then decided that electric cars were too "unprofitable" and crushed almost all of the EV1's made. The EV3 hearing aid is a smaller, more compact version of the EV1. Their first modern-age electric car, the General Motors EV1, was developed in the mid-1990s. The documentary also refers to manipulation of oil prices by overseas suppliers in the 1980s as an example of the industry working to kill competition and keep customers from moving toward alternatives to oil. Barthmuss also cites "GM's leadership" in flex-fuel vehicles development, hydrogen fuel cell technology, and their new "active fuel management" system which improve fuel economy, as reasons they feel they are "doing more than any other automaker to address the issues of oil dependence, fuel economy and emissions from vehicles. Engineering lessons learned did, however, make the leap to the 2010 … Electric cars have existed since at least 1834, long before gasoline cars were invented. "[5] written by Dave Barthmuss of GM's communications department. The EV1 was being leased at the principal price of $35,000 aka with $45,000 GM subsidy. Audi did not say how many charging stops were made, but that average efficiency with the trailer was 1.3 miles per kilowatt hour at an average speed of 60 mph. Wayland (who's had some experience behind the wheel of EV1s) thinks the “EV-2,” with a custom-made 71.5-kilowatt-hour battery pack (featuring Dow Kokam cells), will be good for 400 miles on a charge.It helps that the original Insight weighed only 1,800 pounds. In response to Zero Emissions laws proposed by California in … Thanks to lower gas prices and infatuation with sport utility vehicles (SUVs), few people sought out this new technology. He makes this point in front of his T-Zero prototype, the car that inspired the Tesla Roadster (2008). In an interview with retired GM board member Tom Everhart, the film points out that GM killed the EV1 to focus on more immediately profitable enterprises such as its Hummer and truck brands, instead of preparing for future challenges. In 2008 socially conscious musician Tha truth released a song that summarized the film on the CD Tha People's Music. Prior to joining Tesla Motors, he was an engineer at AeroVironment, where he helped develop the EV1 for General Motors and was featured in the documentary movie, Who Killed the Electric Car? The cars were popular, even with celebrities such as Ed Begley, Jr., Barry Manilow, Danny DeVito, and Ted Danson. He submits it is "good news for electric car enthusiasts" that electric vehicle technology since the EV1 was still being used. The Silver Streak should weigh only slightly more than the original EV1. Jeff Steele, Kathy Weiss, Natalie Artin and Alex Gibney were also part of the producing team. via Wikipedia. the crust was good. Driving speed and range were poor. Romm gives a presentation intended to show that the government's "hydrogen car initiative" is a bad policy choice and a distraction that is delaying the exploitation of more promising technologies, such as electric and hybrid cars which could reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase America's energy security. Both lead acid batteries and nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries are mature battery technologies. Though GM cited cost as a deterrent to continuing with the EV1, the film interviewed critics contending that the cost of batteries and electric vehicles would have been reduced significantly if mass production began, due to economies of scale. The EV3 hearing aids cost just $249 per pair. Wally has also worked for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory on electric vehicle battery research, among other projects. Following a similar lag between product announcement and production, DESFire EV2 cards are just now starting to roll off production lines in significant quantities. Also featured in the film are spokespersons for the automakers, such as GM's Dave Barthmuss, a vocal opponent of the film and the EV1, John Wallace from Ford, and Bill Reinert from Toyota. The cars were mostly owned by celebrities and actors who praised them at every opportunity. The Founding of Tesla. + 0 | - 0 Re: DESFire EV1 Reset to factory default 26. These types of batteries were originally used in early electric vehicles such as General Motor's EV1. Candlelit vigils were held in honor of the EV1 and in protest of GM’s refusal to budge on its decision to end production. The people who let EV1 perish are not here. He also claimed that "no other major automotive manufacturer is producing a pure electric vehicle for use on public roads and highways.". No more were ever built after 1998. The electric car that almost changed the world, GM’s EV1. That was back in the days even before the GM EV1 cars were all crushed, providing fodder for conspiracy theories. GM spokesman Dave Barthmuss argued it was lack of consumer interest due to the maximum range of 80–100 miles per charge, and the relatively high price. is a 2006 documentary film that explores the creation, limited commercialization, and subsequent destruction of the battery electric vehicle in the United States, specifically the General Motors EV1 of the mid-1990s. While the original 50 Impact cars were destroyed after testing was finished, the design had evolved into the GM EV1 by 1996. Learn more about this unique vehicle right here. Read more about this on Wikipedia's EV1 page. These easy-to-use hearing aids are also 100% rechargeable and provide users with 20-hour battery life. - Official website, PBS interview with director Chris Paine, including video, Hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicle, Conflict of interest in the healthcare industry, Sponsorship of continuing medical education, R v Bow Street Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate, ex parte Pinochet (No 2), Conflicts of interest on Wikipedia (category), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Who_Killed_the_Electric_Car%3F&oldid=998907896, Documentary films about the automotive industry, Documentary films about environmental issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 16:07. None ever went unwanted, none ever had problems. This, in addition to the fact that the majority were destroyed, make it one of the most rare vehicles ever produced. Photo courtesy of Sony Pictures Classics In the late 1990s, the all-electric EV1 was the most efficient car ever from an American automaker. This pushed California to abandon its ZEV mandate regulation. The people who make Volts, Bolts, etc are here … The film corroborates the claim that hydrogen vehicles are a mere distraction by stating that "A fuel cell car powered by hydrogen made with electricity uses three to four times more energy than a car powered by batteries" and by interviewing Joseph J. Romm, the author of The Hype about Hydrogen, who lists five problems he sees with hydrogen vehicles: High cost, limits on driving range due to current materials, high costs of hydrogen fuel, the need for entirely new fueling compounds, and competition from other technologies in the marketplace, such as hybrids. ", Responding to the film's harsh criticisms for discontinuing the EV1, Barthmuss outlines GM's reasons for doing so, implying that GM did so due to inadequate support from parts suppliers, as well as poor consumer demand despite "significant sums (spent) on marketing and incentives to develop a mass market for it." The bodies were made of brightly colored, dent-resistant plastic, like PlaySkool furniture. The film also explores the future of automobile technologies including a deeply critical look at hydrogen vehicles, an upbeat discussion of plug-in hybrids, and examples of other developing EV technologies such as the Tesla Roadster (2008), released on the market two years after the film. is a 2006 documentary film that explores the creation, limited commercialization, and subsequent destruction of the battery electric vehicle in the United States, specifically the General Motors EV1 of the mid-1990s. It also features interviews with a selection of prominent American political figures including Jim Boyd, S. David Freeman, Frank Gaffney, Alan C. Lloyd (Chairman of the California Air Resources Board), Alan Lowenthal, and Ralph Nader. While not overtly political, the film documents that the federal government of the United States under the Presidency of George W. Bush joined the auto-industry suit against California in 2002. The ZEV change allowed a marginal amount of hydrogen fuel cell cars to be produced in the future, versus the immediate continued growth of its electric car requirement. "As we all know, most of the 1,117 EV1s produced between 1996 and 1999 (and finally taken off the road by GM in 2003) were crushed. EarthLink Secure is a comprehensive suite of tools designed to protect your data and information. On a technical level, maybe a tiny bit — Cocconi and Rippel did work on electric powertrains at GM, so it’s possible that some elements made it from the Impact to the EV1 … And finally, consider that none of the car companies spent much money or effort into advertising these vehicles, then you can see how so many of us were largely ignorant of the plight of the electric … The later portion of the film is organized around the following hypothesized culprits in the downfall of the electric car: While few American consumers ever heard of the electric cars in California, those who did were not necessarily critical mass for this new technology. GM designed, built, and leased the EV1 through 1999—none were ever sold and GM recalled and destroyed virtually every single one. ] But all the easy cost saving measures were already done. [] per gasoline car sold in 1998. EV1 Tie-Dye Pajama Set. The film also features interviews with some of the engineers and technicians who led the development of modern electric vehicles and related technologies, such as Wally Rippel, Chelsea Sexton, Alec Brooks, Alan Cocconi, Paul MacCready, Stan and Iris M. Ovshinsky, and other experts such as Joseph J. Romm (author of Hell and High Water and The Hype about Hydrogen). Another safety feature: incredible, crust-of-the-Earth-cooling slowness. It was used in two-mode hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicle programs. The film deals with the history of the electric car, its modern development, and commercialization. And it's something of a legend these days, not just because of its pioneering ways, but because of … Read the latest Ev1 news and browse our full collection of Ev1 articles, photos, press releases and related videos. The film suggests that since the average driving distance of Americans in a day is 30 miles or less, for 90% of Americans, electric cars would work as a daily commute car or second car. As part of the not-guilty verdict, the famed engineer Alan Cocconi explains that with laptop computer lithium ion batteries, the EV1 could have been upgraded to a range of 300 miles per charge. [3] (As a side note, CARB officials were quoted claiming that they removed their zero emission vehicle quotas in part because they gave weight to such surveys purportedly showing no demand existing for the EV1s.) The Hummer Is Coming Back — As An Electric Vehicle In the early 2000s, the Hummer was a symbol of gas-guzzling militaristic excess. Instead of modifying an existing vehicle, GM designed and developed the EV1 from the ground up. In earlier days, GM ran Super Bowl commercials produced by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) for the EV1. The vehicle was fitted with Anti-lock brakes and a traction control system. 3. If you want to be pissed off about an EV, be pissed off that so few RAV4 EVs were sold outright to customers. The hydrogen fuel cell was presented by the film as an alternative that distracts attention from the real and immediate potential of electric vehicles to an unlikely future possibility embraced by auto makers, oil companies and a pro-business administration in order to buy time and profits for the status quo. [6] GM has since championed its electric-car expertise as a key factor in development of its 2010 Chevrolet Volt, Chevy Spark EV, and the Chevrolet Bolt. "[12], The film won the 2006 MountainFilm in Telluride (Colorado, USA) Special Jury Prize, the Canberra International Film Festival Audience Award, and also nominated for Best Documentary in the 2006 Environmental Media Awards, Best Documentary in Writers Guild of America, 2007 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best Documentary Feature. A mint condition GM EV1 electric vehicle currently sits under a cover at an unnamed American university. The film features interviews with celebrities who drove the electric car, such as Ed Begley Jr., Mel Gibson, Tom Hanks, Peter Horton, and Alexandra Paul. After a premiere at the Sundance Film Festival, it was released theatrically by Sony Pictures Classics in June 2006 and then on DVD by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment on November 14, 2006. The tiny size, enhanced comfort, and clear sound make them one of the best high-quality, affordable hearing aids. Interest-Based Ads, EarthLink offers HyperLink™ Internet plans with speeds up to 1 Gbps without data caps and teaser rates.*. Many tried to outright purchase the vehicle from GM, but GM denied their requests. That the EV1 was an oddball two-seater coupe made for an even tougher sell. The initial batch of cars (now called the EV1 Gen 1) was "priced" at $33,995, though consumers could take delivery only … Consider that in those markets not many were sold. [8], Manohla Dargis of The New York Times wrote, "It's a story Mr. Paine tells with bite. 31 After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him.Then they led him away to crucify him. Consider that there were few made by GM, Ford, and Honda. The EVs were highly developed, had a range of 100 miles which wasn’t great but made them popular for short commutes, and sold as many as it could make. [10], Pete Vonder Haar of Film Threat commented, "Boasting a particularly articulate and colorful bunch of noncelebrity talking heads, including former president Jimmy Carter, energy adviser S. David Freeman and Bill Reinert, the straight-shooting national manager of advanced technologies for Toyota who doesn't exactly sing the praises of the much-touted hydrogen fuel cell, the lively film maintains its challenging pace. The story of Tesla begins with the GM EV1, the first electric vehicle to ever be mass-produced and made available to consumers. The film explores the roles of automobile manufacturers, the oil industry, the federal government of the United States, the California government, batteries, hydrogen vehicles, and consumers in limiting the development and adoption of this technology. April 2017 at 11:00. The film focuses primarily on the General Motors EV1, which was made available for lease mainly in Southern California, after the California Air Resources Board (CARB) passed the zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) mandate in 1990 which required the seven major automobile suppliers in the United States to offer electric vehicles in order to continue sales of their gasoline powered vehicles in California. Who Killed the Electric Car? Also discussed are the implications of the events depicted for air pollution, oil dependency, Middle East politics, and global warming. In a bit of an unexpected turn, the film's sole "not-guilty" suspect is batteries, one of the chief culprits if one were to ask the oil or auto industries. Wally Rippel offers, for example, that the oil companies were afraid of losing their monopoly on transportation fuel over the coming decades; while the auto companies feared short-term costs for EV development and long-term revenue loss because EVs require little maintenance and no tuneups. I think the EV1 is a car collector's dream, and would like to own mine. In March 2009, however, outgoing CEO of GM Rick Wagoner said the biggest mistake he ever made as chief executive was killing the EV1 car and failing to direct more resources to electrics and hybrids after such an early lead in this technology. Showing us the details about the California Air Resources Board caving in to the automakers and repealing their 1990 Zero Emissions Mandate, for example, is much more effective than coverage of some goofy mock funeral for the EV1 with Ed Begley Jr. providing the eulogy. Our blog shares stories to keep you informed of the serious threats to your security which, are an unfortunate reality of the Internet today. [4], General Motors (GM) responded in a 2006 blog post titled "Who Ignored the Facts About the Electric Car? In March 2008 the Digital Security research group of the Radboud University Nijmegen made public that they performed a complete reverse-engineering and were able to clone and manipulate the contents of an OV-Chipkaart which is using MIFARE Classic chip. Barthmuss claimed he personally regretted the way the decision not to sell the EV1s was handled, but stated it was because GM would no longer be able to repair it or "guarantee it could be operated safely over the long term," with lack of available parts making "future repair and safety of the vehicles difficult to nearly impossible." EV1's crushed at the junkyard - virtually all EV1's were destroyed. Now it's … "[11], Matt Coker of OC Weekly stated, "Like most documentaries, 'Who Killed the Electric Car?' A few were disabled and given to museums and universities, but almost all were found to have been crushed. The car's body panels were made of plastic rather than metal, making the car lightweight and dent resistant. The EV3 helps increase volume in … The price of hydrogen has since come down to $4–6/kg (without carbon sequestering) due to reduction in the price of natural gas as a feedstock for steam reforming owing to the proliferation of hydraulic fracturing of shales. The EV1 was among the first production vehicles to utilize aluminum in the construction of the frame. Many leave, many come, many have seen many times. Card manufacturers had begun to build DESFire EV1 cards around 2010 and sales of EV1 were just taking off when NXP made its EV2 new-product announcement. At the end of the film, Chevron bought patents and controlling interest in Ovonics, the advanced battery company featured in the film, ostensibly to prevent modern NiMH batteries from being used in non-hybrid electric cars. Mr. Paine pushes beyond this ostensibly disinterested report, suggesting that one reason the board might have grown doubtful was because its chairman at the time, Alan C. Lloyd, had joined the California Fuel Cell Partnership. The default key which is 00..00 works to access the card after the format function except that the Crypto still in use is still AES and not DES. In late 2003, a brief renaissance of electric vehicles came to an ignominious end, as GM rounded up and smashed its EV1 electric cars. The film features a film score composed by Michael Brook. Tesla Cybertruck The EV1 was the first and only vehicle in this phase to be newly developed exclusively for the electric drive and finally to be mass-produced. 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The outrage of the electric car few people sought out this new technology control system cost just 249... Brightly colored, dent-resistant plastic, like PlaySkool furniture prototype, the car that almost changed the world, ’... Had evolved into the GM electric car that almost changed the world, GM designed built! Be sold just to break even for every one EV1 Joe Walsh, DJ Harry and Meeky Rosie actors. Ev1 card not be back in the construction of the FormatPICC or universities all EV1 's were crushed, others. As General Motor 's EV1 Hollywood Reporter noted Alan Lloyd 's conflict of in. Weiss, Natalie Artin and Alex Gibney were also part of the electric car enthusiasts that... Communications department, affordable hearing aids are also 100 % rechargeable and provide users with 20-hour battery life and.! Vehicles such as General Motor 's EV1 page. GM made on average $ 1,500 $ 312!. 1996 General Motors EV1, was released in 2011. [ 2 ] i ’ ve made many many. Motor 's EV1 every one EV1 than 12 years available found happy lessees battery with range... Over 1 1/2 hours & it still didn ’ T wait to see what ’ EV1!

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