The Prime Minister heads what is … Fax. Jamaica's eighth Prime Minister serving from September 11, 2007 to 2011.Mr. The voter turnout with 65.1%. After losing the referendum, Manley took Jamaica to the polls in April 1962, to secure a mandate for the island's independence. Since Independence in 1962, Jamaica has been led by nine Prime Ministers, several of whom have led the country for multiple terms. At 29, he was appointed to Jamaica's upper legislative house by Labor Party founder and Jamaica's first prime minister, Alexander Bustamante. He said that the JLP would not contest a by-election to the federal parliament. As a member and one of the founders of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) he was elected in 1962. 1 Devon Road, Kingston 10. Share Your Submission HERE!! The only limits placed on their powers pertained to public security, public prosecutions and matters affecting members of the Civil Service, which still fell under the Colonial Secretary. The Head of Government. [2], William said that he took the surname Bustamante to honour a Spanish sea captain who he claims adopted him in his early years and took him to Spain where he was sent to school and later returned to Jamaica.[3]. The Head of Government. Bustamante travelled the world and worked in many different places. Leave me a comment in the box below. The cabinet (prime minister and at least 11 ministers) has executive responsibility. [19] In 1964, he was made a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom (PC). He became the unofficial government leader, representing his party as Minister for Communications. The former Prime Minister was also a member of the first Parliament of independent Jamaica. Hon. Seaga served as Jamaica’s fifth Prime Minister from 1980 to 1989. Coombs' JWU became the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union (BITU) after the revolt, and Bustamante became known as "The Chief".[4]. The Prime Minister of Jamaica has said he would not object to a gay person serving in his cabinet. Lord Bath and Lord Waldegrave are sometimes listed as prime ministers. Prime Minister Holness thanked Prime Minister Trudeau for the use of a Canadian … Presently, the JLP is the ruling party on the island of Jamaica and therefore its head, The Most Honourable Andrew Michael Holness, is the Prime Minister of Jamaica. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau spoke today with Prime Minister Andrew Holness of Jamaica, who called to offer his congratulations to the Prime Minister on his re-election. A referendum in 1961 supported their views. Coombs. Now in his fourth consecutive term as MP, Mr. Holness became Jamaica’s ninth Prime Minister after the Jamaica Labour Party defeated the People’s National Party at the polls on February 25, 2016. Dieter Nohlen (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 430. [17] Two days later, Bustamante retired, and Sangster became Jamaica's second prime minister. While taking on the role of head of the BITU, he was also leader of government business. She is also currently our present Prime Minister taking office on January 05, 2012.Portia Simpson Miller was installed for the second time as Prime Minister following the victory of the People's National Party (PNP) in the December elections.She has served for over 17 years as a cabinet Minister with portfolio responsibility for the Ministries of Labour and Social Security, Local Government, Tourism, Community Development and Sport, at different times. Alexander Bustamante (born William Alexander Clarke) became the first prime minister of Jamaica when the country gained independence in 1962. The voter turnout was 72.9%.[15]. The donation was made through the Prime Minister’s Positive Jamaica […] The true power was held by his deputy, Donald Sangster.[16]. Thanks SBI! Alexander Bustamante served as independent Jamaica's first prime minister, from 1962 to 1967. In 1937 he was elected as treasurer of the Jamaica Workers' Union (JWU), which had been founded by labour activist Allan G.S. However, Norman Manley was our FIRST and ONLY Premier.This is because he served from July 1959 to July 1962, which was one month before we gained full independence, (August 1962).Most His education started at Alpha Primary School during the years of 1955 and 1957. )Yes, all those letters to show how honorary he was.He was Jamaica's first and ONLY Premier serving from pre-independence July 1959 – July 1962., 2. One month later, he married his private secretary, Miss Gladys Longbridge, on the day of his departure for his first Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference. Share this awesome content with your friends now... Jamaican Prime Ministers have served collectively for over 50 years. (Hon. The Jamaican, Lawerence Rowe, set a record as the first batsman to score centuries in both innings on his test debut 214 and 100 not out. )He is the fifth of the Jamaican Prime Ministers serving between the period of November 4, 1980 and February 13, 1989., 7. By NAN Staff Writer News Americas, WASHINGTON, D.C., Mon. [21] In the same year, he was also awarded the Special Grand Cordon of the Order of Brilliant Star by the Republic of China. Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante GBE PC (born William Alexander Clarke; 24 February 1884 – 6 August 1977) was a Jamaican politician and labour leader, who, in 1962, became the first prime minister of Jamaica. Bustamante had replaced Manley as premier between April and August, and on independence, he became Jamaica's first prime minister. Andrew Holness - Prime Minister Oct 2011 to Dec 2011, The Most Honourable Donald Sangster - Prime Minister Feb 1967 to Apr 1967, Michael Manley - Jamaica's Fourth Prime Minister, Jamaican Reggae Music - The Turning Point, Map of Kingston Jamaica - Jamaica's Capital City. Two seats were won by independents. Studied Law in Britain. He served from 1962 to 1967.The Right Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, born Alexander Clarke.Sir Alexander Bustamante -kesartisty Former People’s National Party (PNP) leader and Jamaican Prime Minister Michael Norman Manley is one such politician. Prime minister of Jamaica. First Female Prime Minister: Portia Simpson Miller rewrote history Portia Simpson Miller In 1974, at age 29, a young woman from Wood Hall, St Catherine, made her way on to the political stage and introduced herself as Portia Lucretia Simpson, councilor in the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation. If he/she becomes a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom (an office held for life), then he/she is styled ‘The Right Honourable’. By the way, he is our youngest prime minister to date. In 1943 he founded the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), with himself as head. At age 78, Bustamante married his 4th wife, Gladys Longbridge on 7 September 1962 (the year of Independence). He served for two terms. The now 48-year-old Holness became Jamaica's prime minister in October 2011 when he was selected by the JLP to replace Bruce Golding who had resigned from the post. Michael ManleyHe is The Most Honourable Michael Norman Manley, ON, OM, OCCMichael was named the fourth Prime Minister of Jamaica. The Jamaican Legislative Council became the upper house, or Senate, of the bicameral Parliament. At the age of 48, he returned to Jamaica in 1932, where he opened offices at 1a Duke Street, as a money lender and a dairy products man. The prime minister of Jamaica is Jamaica's head of government, currently Andrew Holness.Holness, as leader of the governing Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), was sworn in as Prime Minister on 7 September 2020, having been re-elected as a result of the JLP's landslide victory in the 2020 Jamaican general election.. — @AndrewHolnessJM At 29, he was appointed to Jamaica's upper legislative house by Labour Party founder and Jamaica's first prime minister, Alexander Bustamante. However, in an interview with Radio Jamaica later on Monday, Mrs Cuthbert Flynn, who is also Minister of State in the Ministry of Health & Wellness, said she was unclear what action the clergyman expects the Prime Minister to take given she is a duly elected Member of Parliament. [9] He was acquitted. Robert Constantine Clarke, and wife Mary nee Wilson, Married: After Jamaica was granted independence in 1962, Bustamante served as the first Prime Minister until 1967. Jamaica’s Policy Statement at the 75th Session of the UNGA High Level Week 26th September 2020 Delivered by the Most Honourable Andrew Holness, Prime Minister of Jamaica … P. J. Patterson 1935 –. Condemned Electoral Violence. Other Great Articles You Might Have Missed. He said that the JLP would not contest a by-election to the federal parliament. His office was downstairs, and living quarters upstairs. Presently, the JLP is the ruling party on the island of Jamaica and therefore its head, The Most Honourable Andrew Michael Holness, is the Prime Minister of Jamaica. Jamaica’s Prime Minister Andrew Holness is leading by example and showing his support for the Ministry of Education’s ‘One Device Per Child’ Initiative. Alexander BustamanteHe is The Right Excellent Sir William Alexander Bustamante, G.B.E., LL.D (Hon. PattersonHe is The Most Honourable Percival Noel James Patterson, ON, OCC, PC, QCHe was named Jamaica's Sixth Prime Minister serving between the period of March 30, 1992 and March 30, 2006., 8. NEW!! In February 2006, Portia Simpson-Miller of the People’s National Party became the first female prime minister in Jamaican history. First Female Prime Minister: Portia Simpson Miller rewrote history Portia Simpson Miller In 1974, at age 29, a young woman from Wood Hall, St Catherine, made her way on to the political stage and introduced herself as Portia Lucretia Simpson, councilor in the Kingston and St Andrew Corporation. He left Jamaica once again in 1905 at the age of 21. The Most Honourable Andrew Michael Holness was first elected as Member of Parliament (MP) to represent the Constituency of West Central St. Andrew in 1997, at the age of 25. He was defended by N.W. P.J. Special Grand Cordon of the Order of Brilliant Star, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, https://www.geni.com/people/Margaret-Manley/6000000024119130886, "History this week:Constitutional Developments in British Guiana and Jamaica between 1890 and 1945 (Part 3)", https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/06/14/edward-seaga-and-the-institutionalization-of-thuggery-violence-and-dehumanization-in-jamaica/#post-112453-endnote-1, "Reports of the arrest, trial and subsequent acquittal of Mr Alexander Bustamante and Mr...", http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/columns/Norman-Manley-as-premier_17349996, The Rt. )He was Jamaica's first Prime Minister because he served from the day we attained independence on August 6, 1962 until February 27, 1967., 4. Jamaica's Prime Minister Andrew Holness has recognized Kamala Harris as a "daughter of the Caribbean." In the 1955 Jamaican general election, the PNP won for the first time, securing 18 out of 32 seats. [22] On 9 June 1967, Bustamante was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE).[23]. He was Jamaica's first Prime Minister because he served from the day we attained independence on August 6, 1962 until February 27, 1967. Together, these ten (10) Jamaican Prime Ministers have contributed to the 50 year growth of this nation in one way or the other. In 1947 he was arrested with Frank Pixley and put on trial for manslaughter at the courthouse in Port Maria. Get a Copy of My FREE E-Book when you sign up for the JAMAICA LAND WE LOVE Newsletter ... Jamaican reggae music was girst developed in the late 1960s and is the most popular form of Jamaican music to date...When it hits you, you feel no pain... Having a map of Kingston Jamaica is essential in learning about the places you want to visit and how to get there if you intend on visiting the Capital. Washington Manley, M.M., Q.C., B.C.L., LLD (Hon.) In the 1961 Federation membership referendum Jamaica voted 54% to leave the West Indies Federation. Bustamante was considered a "buster", "a champion of the common man and tough article. Mr. Michael Manley was sworn in on March 2, 1972, as Jamaica’s fourth Prime Minister by the Governor-General, Sir Clifford Campbell, at King’s House. Holness, as leader of the governing Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), was sworn in as Prime Minister on 7 September 2020, having been re-elected as a result of the JLP's landslide victory in the 2020 Jamaican general election. Despite these changes, ultimate power remained concentrated in the hands of the governor and other high officials. The parties lobbied the colonial government for a further increase in constitutional powers for the elected government, and in June 1953 a new constitution provided for the appointment of a chief minister and seven other Ministers from the elected House of Representatives. for the WORK FROM HOME OPPORTUNITY Learn more at Solo Build It ! In 1969, Bustamante became a Member of the Order of National Hero (ONH) in recognition of his achievements,[22] this along with Norman Manley, the black liberationist Marcus Garvey, and two leaders of the 1865 Morant Bay rebellion, Paul Bogle and George William Gordon. Bustamante was the first Prime Minister of Jamaica. Challenging Colonialism Bustamante was a progressive politician who challenged colonialism during the 1930s and 1940s and paid a political price when he was imprisoned in 1940 for two years, after he was found guilty of subversion. The Prime Minister heads what is … The JLP ended up with 14 seats, and there were no independents. One month later, he married his private secretary, Miss Gladys Longbridge, on the day of his departure for his first Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference. The Prime Minister is Jamaica's head of government, who is formally appointed into office by the Governor General, who represents Elizabeth II, Jamaica's official Head of State. His first being from March 2, 1972 to November 4, 1980, and his second being from February 13, 1989 to March 30, 1992., 6. Golding was born on December 5, 1947. Prime Minister presents ... held at the offices of the Consulate General of Jamaica in New York, yesterday. The 1959 Jamaican general election was held on 28 July 1959, and the number of seats was increased to 45. She was conferred with the honour of the Order of the Nation in May 2006. After his retirement, Edward Seaga served as a distinguished honorary fellow at the professorial level at The University of the West Indies (UWI), and chancellor of the University of Technology, Jamaica. Phone. A referendum in 1961 supported their views. Bustamante died in 1977 at the Irish Town Hospital and was buried in the National Heroes Park in Kingston.[26][27]. Leave me a comment in the box below. He recently donated 600 devices to all the PEP and CSEC students registered in schools in his St Andrew West Central constituency. He served between February 22, 1967 to April 11, 1967. Bath was invited to form a ministry by George II when Henry Pelham resigned in 1746, as was Waldegrave in 1757 after the dismissal of William Pitt the Elder, who dominated the affairs of government during the Seven Years' War. The Prime Minister. Under the Westminster system of governance, the head of government is called prime minister. If you found this page useful, please feel free to subscribe to my weekly newsletter, The Jamaica Land We Love Digest. Here is an introduction to… [24][25] His portrait graces the Jamaican one dollar coin. Andrew Holness has been re-elected as Prime Minister of Jamaica for a second consecutive term.As the final vote counts come in, Holness has declared the winner of Jamaica General Elections between Jamaica Labour Party and the People's National Party, which were held September 3, 2020.Prime Minister Holness creates history as the first JLP leader to be elected following two … Prior to Independence in 1962, Jamaica's head of government was known as the Premier and before that, the Chief Minister. A Jamaican candy, the Bustamante backbone, is named after him. Do a Quick Site Search Below, © Copyright 2012-2020 Jamaica-Land-We-Love.com Created by Ricardo Henry. Andrew Holness is Jamaica's ninth Prime Minister who served between October and December 2011. Prime Minister Holness extended his condolences on the recent death of former Canadian Prime Minister John Turner. He agitated for Jamaica to become independent of Great Britain. In many Commonwealth countries, the Prime Minister is formally styled ‘The Honourable’. His occupations included working as a policeman in Cuba, as a tramcar conductor in Panama, and as a dietician in a New York City hospital. He became a leader in activism against colonial rule. Edward SeagaHe is The Most Honourable Edward Phillip George Seaga, ON, P.C., LL.D. Previously he had belonged to the People's National Party (founded in 1938 by his first cousin Norman Manley). The voter turnout was 65.2%. Bustamante stepped down in favour of Donald Sangster who died shortly after taking office. Two years after taking office, Bustamante, now 80 years old, became ill. While completing her degree she also completed a Diploma in Computing, Programming and Public Relations. As a result, Norman Manley became the new chief minister.[13]. Wanna share something Jamaican with us? [12], Bustamante held this position until the JLP was defeated in 1955. Portia Simpson Miller, Jamaican politician who served as the country’s first female prime minister (2006–07; 2012–16). On 21 February, in the 1967 Jamaican general election, the JLP were victorious again, winning 33 out of 53 seats, with the PNP taking 20 seats. By the way, he is our youngest prime minister to date. Source: Jamaica Information Service (JIS). In 1940, he was imprisoned on charges of subversive activities. They now had a majority over the official and nominated members. Jan. 11, 2021: Jamaica’s prime minister, Andrew Holness, is among a star-studded line-up of Caribbean nationals set to participate in a global celebration of the US’ first black Caribbean-American VP-elect, Kamala Harris. [10] In 1952 he was arrested by the American authorities while he was on official business in Puerto Rico.[11]. In 2011, Mr Holness became Jamaica's youngest prime minister at the age of 39, but governed for only 74 days after losing an election to Portia Simpson Miller, the country's first … Manley was appointed Jamaica's first premier on 14 August 1959. Alexander Bustamante He is The Right Excellent Sir William Alexander Bustamante, G.B.E., LL.D (Hon.) During the 1938 labour rebellion, he quickly became identified as the spokesman for striking workers, who were mostly of African and mixed-race descent. House members were elected by adult suffrage from single-member electoral districts called constituencies. So it is only natural for us to know a little bit about their life's journey leading into the political arm of the Jamaican Government! "[29] The candy is also nicknamed Busta. [14] Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante, Jamaica’s first Prime Minister after the country gained independence in 1962, was born on February 24, 1884. In many Commonwealth countries, the Prime Minister is formally styled ‘The Honourable’. 1962.Here is a list of ALL the Jamaican Prime Ministers from Norman Manley, our first premier, to Portia Simpson-Miller, our present or current leader: 1. CommentsHave your say about what you just read! [8] In 1947 and 1948, he was elected as mayor of Kingston. In the 1944 Jamaican general election, Bustamante's party won 22 of 32 seats in the first House of Representatives elected by universal suffrage. Michael Burke, "Norman Manley as premier". Other articles where Norman Manley is discussed: Jamaica: Self-government: Norman Manley, leader of the People’s National Party (PNP), became premier after the elections of July 1959, but in 1960 the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) under Sir Alexander Bustamante pressed for secession from the federation. The now 48-year-old Holness became Jamaica’s prime minister in October 2011 when he was selected by the JLP to replace Bruce Golding who had resigned from the post. Though initially a supporter of the Federation of the West Indies, during the 1950s, Bustamante gradually opposed the union. When Jamaica became independent on August 6, 1962, he was named the new nation's first Prime Minister. Hugh ShearerHe is The Most Honourable Hugh Lawson Shearer, ON,OJ.He was Jamaica's third Prime Minister between April 11, 1967 and March 2, 1972., 5. Andrew HolnessHe is The Most Honourable Andrew Michael Holness, M.P.He was the ninth Prime Minister of Jamaica serving from October 23, 2011 to December 28, 2011., 10. Sir Alexander Bustamante (1884–1977), "Jamaica's National Heroes: Their Legacy 50 Years Later", "Sir Alexander Bustamante, 94, Jamaican Leader, Dies", "Sweet & dandy - The history of Jamaican sweets". If he/she becomes a member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom (an office held for life), then he/she is styled ‘The Right Honourable’. !! The Most Honourable Donald Sangster was Jamaica's second prime minister. Sir Alexander Bustamante was Jamaica's first prime minister. In February 2006, Portia Simpson-Miller of the People’s National Party became the first female prime minister in Jamaican history. Elections are held at intervals not exceeding five years. Frederic Gomes Cassidy, Robert Brock Le Page. Two years after taking office, Bustamante, now 80 years old, became ill. . Donald SangsterHe is The Most Honourable Sir Donald Burns Sangster, ON, KCVOHe was the second and shortest reigning prime minister of Jamaica having served between February 22, 1967 and April 11, 1967 inclusive., 3. Described as a prolific, transformational leader, he had the distinction of being the longest-serving Member of Parliament (MP) in the history of Jamaica and the Caribbean region. 1 (876) 978-9467. Over that period of time, from 1962 until now (2012), only one (1) female has been awarded the honour of that title. Norman ManleyHe is The Right Excellent Norman Washington Manley, M.M., Q.C., B.C.L., LLD (Hon. His full title is The Most Honourable Michael Norman Manley, ON, OM, OCC. Portia Simpson Miller, O.N., M.P. Thank you ;-) Links are below... You can also connect with Jamaica-Land-We-Love.com on Social Media: Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Pinterest. The current prime minister and Seaga's protégé, Andrew Holness, who visited him in the hospital just days before his death, tweeted: It is with great sadness that I inform the nation of the passing of the Most Honourable Edward Phillip George Seaga, the fifth Prime Minister of Jamaica. He was born as William Alexander Clarke to Mary Clarke (née Wilson), a woman of mixed race, and her second husband, Robert Constantine Clarke, the son of Robert Clarke, an Irish Catholic planter, in Blenheim, Hanover. He served 4 years in office. The PNP secured a wider margin of victory, taking 29 seats to the JLP's 16. Manley and released from prison in 1943, Bustamante founded the Jamaica Labour Party the same year. Though initially a supporter of the Federation of the West Indies, during the 1950s, Bustamante gradually opposed the union. [5] Under the new charter, the British governor, assisted by the six-member Privy Council and ten-member Executive Council, remained responsible solely to the Crown. Sources. In 1965, after suffering a stroke, he withdrew from active participation in public life. Today, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau spoke with the Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness, to offer congratulations on his electoral win earlier this month, and to discuss the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. 1 (876) 927 9941 – 3 1 (876) 968 8229. Gladys Longbridge, September 7,1962, Bustamante was commended in 1955 for his public services in Jamaica. Hon. ______________________________________________________, Parents: Who was the first prime minister of Jamaica after becoming independent from Britain on August 4 1962? Became Prime Minister. It gives you information every week about the new information that I have added to the site, including any new developments and great Jamaican stories from Jamaicans and lovers of Jamaica worldwide! On 10 April 1962, of the 45 seats up for contention in the 1962 Jamaican general election, the JLP won 26 seats and the PNP 19. Portia Simpson-MillerShe is The Most Honourable Portia Simpson Miller, O.N., M.P.She is Jamaica's seventh Prime Minister serving from March 31, 2006 to September 10, 2007. [6][7], Bustamante's first term as unofficial leader of the government was dogged by controversy. Some would say it is ten (10) because of Norman Manley. The Prime Minister. Get COVID-19 Information HereCorona Virus Updates | COVID-19 Support Family Forum | General Info. Other articles where Norman Manley is discussed: Jamaica: Self-government: Norman Manley, leader of the People’s National Party (PNP), became premier after the elections of July 1959, but in 1960 the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) under Sir Alexander Bustamante pressed for secession from the federation. Please share this article with your friends on social media and help me get the message out. [20] In 1966, an honorary LLD degree was conferred on him by the University of the West Indies. Portia Simpson Miller, Prime Minister of Jamaica. Learn more about Simpson’s life and career, including her numerous government posts. He was the leader of the Jamaica Labor Party from 1974 to 2005 when he retired from active politics. Sir Alexander Bustamante was Jamaica's first Prime Minister. The widespread anti-colonial activism finally resulted in Parliament's granting universal suffrage in 1944 to residents in Jamaica. The cabinet (prime minister and at least 11 ministers) has executive responsibility. At 29, he was appointed to Jamaica's upper legislative house by Labour Party founder and Jamaica's first prime minister, Alexander Bustamante. in the mix because of Michael Manley is the fourth Prime Minister of Jamaica. That is our current Prime Minister - The Most. [1] Robert Constantine Clarke, was the half-brother of Margaret Ann Manley, nee Shearer, who was the mother of Norman Washington Manley. Email [email protected] Office of the Prime Minister (Western Office) Coronavirus In Jamaica Updates will be provided on a daily basis or as much as possible as the Ministry of Health and Wellness provides us with same. Michael Manley the leader of the People's National Party, (PNP) was elected in 1972, re-elected in 1976. He gained recognition by writing frequent letters on the issues to the Daily Gleaner newspaper. The 1949 Jamaican general election was much closer. He agitated for Jamaica to become independent of Great Britain. When Jamaica became independent on August 6, 1962, he was named the new nation's first Prime Minister. Jamaica's independence, but I have included The Right Excellent Norman Since Jamaica gained independence in August 1962 we have seen the likes of nine (9) Prime Ministers. Office of the Prime Minister. He was replaced by Hugh Shearer. The leaders discussed key regional issues, including climate change and resilience-building, and regional security cooperation. The prime minister of Jamaica is Jamaica's head of government, currently Andrew Holness. his significant contribution to Jamaica before the full independence of https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_Bustamante&oldid=1001811603, Jamaican Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, All Wikipedia articles written in Jamaican English, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 13:24. The prime minister is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government. He transitioned today at approximately 1:00 pm Jamaica time. Michael Manley Last week, Jamaica’s incumbent Prime Minister Andrew Holness stirred controversy in making a speech critical of the late Prime Minister, who he seemingly blamed for Jamaica’s current economic ills. Bruce GoldingHe is The Most Honourable Orette Bruce Golding.

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