The history of the altar before the tabernacle was that of the tabernacle itself, as the two were not parted during its continuance (see TABERNACLE). This would be a duplicate of that at Gibeon, and would share its supersession at the erection of the first temple. Their first mention is in the case of the altar built by Noah after the Flood (Genesis 8:20). At Sinai took place the great crisis in Israel's national history. (AC) 18 When she carried on her prostitution openly and exposed her naked body,(AD) I turned away(AE) from her in disgust, just as I had turned away from her sister. The interior was hollow. Like the great altar of burnt offering, it was in the category of "most holy" things (Exodus 30:10); a distinction which gave it a right to a place in the inner room of the cella or holy of holies. Into the corners of this grating, on two sides, rings were riveted, into which the staves were inserted by which the Ark was borne (see STAVES). It applies "in all the place where I record my name," not, as the ordinary rendering has it, "in every place." It did not, however, actually stand there, but in the outer chamber, "before the veil" (Exodus 40:26). It was similar to fortune telling perhaps. "They did it for poor gain. 13:19 When any one heareth the word, and considereth it not - The first and most general cause of unfruitfulness. Jacob built no new altars, but again and again repaired those at Shechem and Bethel. Ezekiel 22:30 Byword among women: To be a byword among women is to be the subject of idle, malicious gossip. This was a square of twelve cubits (18 ft.), from the corners of which 4 horns projected upward (Ezekiel 43:15). (CF), 46 “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Bring a mob(CG) against them and give them over to terror and plunder. (AA) 17 Then the Babylonians(AB) came to her, to the bed of love, and in their lust they defiled her. 25 I will direct my jealous anger(AP) against you, and they will deal with you in fury. General Editor. (BR), 40 “They even sent messengers for men who came from far away,(BS) and when they arrived you bathed yourself for them, applied eye makeup(BT) and put on your jewelry. 29 They will deal with you in hatred and take away everything you have worked for. Though no details are given we are able to infer their general character with considerable precision. It differed too in the material of which it was made, being entirely of brass. In Genesis we often read of the erection of altars, e.g. (Matt. Answer: God gave the Sabbath as a twofold sign: (1) It is a sign that He created the world in six literal days, and (2) it is also a sign of God’s mighty power to redeem and sanctify people. It was a hollow square, 5 cubits in length and in breadth, and 3 cubits in height. That the Herodian temple also had its altar of incense we know from the incident of Zacharias having a vision there of "an angel .... standing on the right side of the altar of incense" when he went into the temple of the Lord to burn incense (Luke 1:11). Leaving the occasion of their erection and use to be determined by custom he promulgated the following laws: "An altar of earth mayest thou make unto me, and mayest sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen; in all the place where I record my name I will come unto thee and I will bless thee. I shall rescue them from wherever they have been scattered on the day of clouds and darkness. They throw light on the Bible chiefly by showing what is forbidden. The name "Israel" first appears in the Hebrew Bible as the name given by God to the patriarch Jacob (Genesis 32:28). On the other hand, the shape, pattern and material are of great interest. Among the trophies carried away by Titus on the destruction of Jerusalem the altar of incense is not found, nor is any mention made of it in Hebrews 9 . Josephus, on the other hand, gives the height at fifteen cubits. Ezekiel 16 – The Harlot Wife of Yahweh. The sketch was written as 'Good Old Days' and performed for the 1967 British television comedy series At Last the 1948 Show by the show's four writer-performers: Brooke-Taylor, Cleese, Chapman, and Feldman. It was removed by Ahaz ( 2 Kings 16:14 ), and "cleansed" by Hezekiah, in the latter part of whose reign it was rebuilt. The top is very slightly concave so as to hold perhaps an eighth of a pint of liquid" (PEFS (July, 1907), 196 f). It is defined in detail in the exilic Book of Ezekiel as a land where both the twelve tribes and the "strangers in (their) midst", can claim inheritance. To get what Ezekiel 13:19 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. Its top and sides were overlaid with gold and it was surrounded by a crown or rim of gold. The reason for this departure from the strict rule of temple ritual was that sweet incense was to be burnt daily upon it at the offering of every daily sacrifice, the lamps being then lit and extinguished (compare Numbers 28:3; Exodus 30:7,8), so that a cloud of smoke might fill the inner chamber at the moment when the sacrificial blood was sprinkled (see MERCY-SEAT). Structure on which offerings are made to a deity. To bring home the difference more rapidly illustrations of the two types are given side by side. 23 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Son of man, there were two women, daughters of the same mother. Ezekiel 28:13 The precise identification of some of these precious stones is uncertain. Ezekiel also gives a description of an altar (Ezekiel 43:13-17), but there is nothing to show whether it is purely ideal or represents the altar of Solomon or that of Ahaz, and modern writers take different views. The prohibition of steps in Exodus 20:26 and the analogy of later altars suggest that this small altar before the tabernacle was made to stand on a base or platform, led up to by a slope of earth. It was made of gold-covered wood. The Israelites, however, needed to perform the act of sacrifice in order to survive ( Exod 30:21 ). ). Then the temple was reconstructed. It as five cubits in length, the same in breadth, and three cubits high. In Exodus 27:1-8 (compare Exodus 38:1-7) a command is given to construct for the Tabernacle an altar of shittim wood covered with bronze. (1) In the tabernacle, ( Exodus 27:1 ) ff. In the vision it stood before the house (Ezekiel 40:47). Here we must notice that It was served by priests. This was made of stones (Exodus 20:24-26 having at this date been applied to the temple altar contrary to its original intent) and a fresh altar of whole stones was constructed (1 Macc 4:44-49). Again the altar was erected by Herod, and remained in its place till the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans (70 A.D.). It might consist of a rock (Judges 13:19) or a single large stone (1 Samuel 14:33-35) or again a number of stones (1 Kings 18:31 f). Whenever we find references to the horns of an altar or to its pattern we see that the writer is speaking of an altar of this general type. (K), 9 “Therefore I delivered her into the hands(L) of her lovers,(M) the Assyrians, for whom she lusted. That the custom was not peculiar to the Israelites is shown by such instances as that of Balaam (Numbers 23:1, etc.). In ( Acts 17:23 ) reference is made to an alter to an unknown God. of Wherefore thus saith the Lord God, behold, I [am] against your pillows Not only had an abhorrence of them, but was determined to destroy them, detect their fallacies, and expose the folly of such actions, and them to shame and contempt: wherewith ye there hunt the souls to make [them] fly; to the places where they prophesied; into the toils and nets they … The Altar of Incense (Golden Altar)_. The precise construction cannot be determined, and it is useless to speculate where the instructions are so plainly governed by what was seen by Moses in the Mount; but certain features that are important for the elucidation of the Bible texts emerge clearly. This, with the offering of incense upon it, were its only uses, as neither meal offerings might be laid upon it, nor libations of drink offerings poured thereon (Exodus 30:9). Ezekiel 23:10 EZEKIEL 13:19. This [is] the west side." The first was an altar consisting of earth or unhewn stones. Both history and prophecy thus attest the abiding truth that salvation is by sacrificial blood, and is made available to men through the prayers of saints and sinners offered by a great High Priest. She became a byword among women,(P) and punishment was inflicted(Q) on her. (mizbach ha-qeToreth), (mizbach ha-zahabh). In the stark and moving story of Abraham's encounter with God at Moriah, Abraham built an altar and arranged the wood on it ( Gen 22:9 ). See HIGH PLACE. (AX) Your lewdness(AY) and promiscuity(AZ) 30 have brought this on you, because you lusted after the nations and defiled yourself with their idols. Every precious stone. Twice a day, incense was burned on the altar. Lev. If the murder was premeditated, however, then the altar was clearly profaned by the murderer's presence and the individual could be taken away and killed. The altar stood in "the middle of the court that was before the house," but proved too small to receive the gifts on the day of the temple's dedication (1 Kings 8:64; 2 Chronicles 7:7). The altar of holocausts stood in the courtyard of the temple. These staves were of the same material as the altar itself. [b] 16 As soon as she saw them, she lusted after them and sent messengers(Z) to them in Chaldea. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. This altar stood in the holy place, "before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony." Their Jerusalem temple had two altars: the altar of incense and the altar of holocausts. It differed in construction at different times. The first figure represents a cairn altar such as was in use in some other ancient religions. 1 and were totally unlike the altars of Fig. The temple was ultimately secondary to the altar. On the other hand we meet with a group of passages that refer to altars of quite a different type. 3 They became prostitutes in Egypt, engaging in prostitution from their youth() In that land their breasts were fondled and their virgin bosoms caressed() 4 The older was named Oholah, and her sister was OholibahThey were mine and gave birth to sons and daughters. It is described as "an altar of brass" (2 Chronicles 4:1), or "brazen altar" (1 Kings 8:64; 2 Chronicles 7:7; compare 2 Kings 16:14), either as being, like its predecessors, encased in brass, or, as others think, made wholly of brass. Dallas: Word Books, 1990–1994. The narrative of the deaths of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, is thus made intelligible, the fire in their censers not having been taken from the great altar. Such are all they that introduce other subjects, when men should be considering what they have heard. 15 I myself shall pasture my sheep, I myself shall give … Other altars in Canaanite high places exemplify by their appearance the practices prohibited by the Pentateuch. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. For example, when Abraham builds the altar for the sacrifice of Isaac in Genesis 22 it cannot be supposed that he used metal or wrought stone. Noah built an altar and offered a sacrifice to Yahweh. Ezekiel 21:21 Stand in the gap: As Moses prayed (repeatedly) on behalf of the rebellious Israelites, so the later Israelites needed a liaison between themselves and God. "Estranged", in this verse, means to be a foreigner, or to turn aside. In reading the accounts it is sometimes evident that we are dealing with some rough improvised structure. And for pieces of bread — See Jeremiah 37:21. 2 vols. The top and bottom are approximately 10 1/2 and 9 inches square respectively; but these are only the average dimensions of the sides, which are not regularly cut. Each of these four spots was the scene of some special revelation of Yahweh; possibly to the third of them (Hebron) we may attribute the memorable vision and covenant of Genesis 15. They were made of brass. Thus, a criminal seeking asylum fled to an altar of this type, as appears from the horns which are mentioned in the two historical instances and also from such expressions as coming down or going up. This was probably only a memorial altar (compare the altar `Ed in Joshua 22:21). They will take away your sons and daughters,(AQ) and those of you who are left will be consumed by fire. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. (CN) Then you will know that I am the Sovereign Lord.(CO)”. In some way that is defined only by reference to what was shown to Moses in the Mount the altar was to be hollow with planks, and it was to be equipped with rings and staves for facility of transport. Like the altar of burnt offering it had horns at the four corners, which were of one piece with the rest of the altar. Four materials are recorded as being used in altars: stone, earth, metal, and brick. New International Version (NIV). I will turn you over to them for punishment,(AO) and they will punish you according to their standards. It is clear from the historical and prophetical books that in both kingdoms a number of unlawful altars were in use. In this poetic description of Israel’s history, one could match details of the story with events in Israel’s history – such as saying the “marriage covenant” described in Ezekiel 16:8 was the covenant made with Yahweh at Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:7-8). When Naaman desired to cease sacrificing to any deity save the God of Israel he was confronted by the problem of deciding how he could sacrifice to Him outside this "place." This was done "under the mount," where, beside the altar, were reared twelve pillars, emblematic of the twelve tribes of Israel (Exodus 24:4). Fugitives caught hold of them (1 Kings 1:50,51), and victims could be tied to them (Psalms 118:27). The latter gives it as a square of fifty cubits (BJ, V, v, 6). Neither mayest thou go up by steps unto mine altar," etc. (T) 12 She too lusted after the Assyrians—governors and commanders, warriors in full dress, mounted horsemen, all handsome young men. John Trapp Complete Commentary. He must compare the kings of Judah to a lion's whelps; they were cruel and oppressive to their own subjects. Hebrews 9:19), it was necessary that an altar should be built for the sacrificial act. It may be noted that in Isaiah 27:9 we read of the stones of the altar in a passage the reference of which is uncertain. (N) 10 They stripped(O) her naked, took away her sons and daughters and killed her with the sword. It is told only that it was built prior to the temple, and was set upon its base (Ezra 3:3), presumably on the Cakhra stone--the ancient site. For this reason, the Son of Man was able to forgive sins (Matthew 9:6). 22 “Therefore, Oholibah, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I will stir up your lovers(AH) against you, those you turned away from in disgust, and I will bring them against you from every side(AI)— 23 the Babylonians(AJ) and all the Chaldeans,(AK) the men of Pekod(AL) and Shoa and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them, handsome young men, all of them governors and commanders, chariot officers and men of high rank, all mounted on horses. The cross becomes the sanctuary of the believer, providing protection from the penalties of sin. 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