Between November 1943 and June 1944, it was known as Division Group 321 (German: Divisionsgruppe 321). 1392 0 obj <>stream The firepower of the regiment consisted of: The regiment had a total of 11 companies and the firepower of the motorized infantry companies has 12 light MG and three light mortar but without heavy MG. of all German armed forces. At the beginning of 1940, however, four infantry divisions were again transformed into ‘Light Divisions’, although their structure was now more that of an infantry division. Did you find this helpful? Development of the number of divisions up to 1941, German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939, German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, May 1940, German Orders of Battle – Operation Barbarossa, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler, 9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end, Finnish Armed Forces in the Winter War 1939-40, German Orders of Battle – Battle of France, German Orders of Battle – Kursk July 1943, German Orders of Battle at the armistice with France, Luftwaffe and German Airborne Forces May 1940, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 1942, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 2, 1939. The Battle of Arras took place on 21 May 1940, during the Battle of France in the Second World War.Following the German invasion of the Low Countries on 10 May, French and British forces advanced into Belgium. The artillery regiment was divided into three field artillery Abteilung (sections), each with three batteries of four 105 mm leFH 18 field guns. The original Light Divisions set up in 1937 and 1938 were motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization. Following the First World War, the French General Staff had ruled out the idea of a future German thrust through the Ardennes–Sedan sector. The Medium Artillery section was originally not a division unit, which was only made available to the artillery regiment. In 1940 onwards platoons had three or four groups. The divisions set up with the third and fourth waves had significantly less artillery support than the previous formations. Originally formed as the beginning of Germany's first wave of rearmament, the division was first given the title of Artillerieführer I and only later called Wehrgauleitung Königsberg. 0000000672 00000 n GERMAN INFANTRY BATTALION (1939 - 1940) Cohesion: 13 - 18 Sample file. In addition, the SS-Verfügungstruppe (from April 1940, known as the Waffen-SS) provided three motorized infantry divisions and a brigade. In 1939 the German Reich was divided into thirteen geographical military districts, each of which provided the personal for a number of divisions and the regiments’ home bases. For the invasion of France the German Army was organized into three army groups: 18 8.1-cm grenade launchers, The reconnaissance battalion was equipped with armored reconnaissance vehicles and motorcyclists, and the division also had its own motorized battalion for signals/communications and other services. In the mountains or in rugged areas, the mountain divisions proved to be successful. German soldiers from infantry of Nazi Wehrmacht are hiding in a roadside ditch during the Invasion of Norway in April 1940. 0000001071 00000 n The most important formations in the German army were the division, which consisted of one of the five basic types: infantry, motorized infantry, tank, light or mountain divisions. Until May 1940 the Wehrmacht had the following divisions: (Preussisches) Infanterie-Regiment of the 1.Division of the Reichswehr and originally consisted of recruits from East Prussia. Warren 1 RS 2 Norfolk 1/8 LF : 5 Infantry [#] BG G.I. 27 5-cm grenade launchers, Gartlan 2 Dorset 1 Camerons 7 Worc R: 6 Infantry [#] BG N.M.S. Two 15-cm infantry guns. 212 RIFLE 2 H 75 … In open terrain, however, against conventionally equipped enemy units, they suffered from their lack of heavy equipment and firepower. Organization of the formations and units of the German Army from the Polish campaign til Operation Barbarossa 1941. For the attack on Russia, the Wehrmacht deployed 1375 18 The 75-mm infantry howitzer fires a 12-pound, while 150-mm infantry howitzer fires an 85-pound projectile. Required fields are marked *. 0000000016 00000 n 0000002988 00000 n Image: German Infantry 1940. Taking into account their intended use, the mountain divisions had a large share of light and easy-to-handle equipment. German infantry equipment of 1940. Combined Operations Command; Royal Canadian Artillery; 52nd Lowland Infantry Division; Guards Armoured Division; Soviet. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. In 1940, many HMG units in German infantry divisions were equipped with the old watercooled Maxim MG08 due to the short supply of new weapons. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 4 motorized infantry divisions, Outline development - 1938 to 1942 The pre-war German Motorised Infantry Division was built around three Infantry Regiments, each with three Infantry Battalions, an Infantry Gun Company and an Infantry Anti-tank Company. Infantry Division; Artillery Division; British. 10 tank divisions, The Panzer division during the Polish and Western campaigns consisted of two tank regiments with two battalions each to four companies with 32 tanks each. Infantry Platoon 3 x Infantry Infantry Support Platoon 1 x 50mm Mortar (3) MG Platoon 3 x MMG Mortar Platoon 3 x 81mm Mortar (2), 3 x Wagon* Infantry Company 3 x Infantry Platoon, 1 x Infantry Support Platoon, 1 x Inf. Hungarian Infantry Company With the German invasion of Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg in 1940 it was clear to the Hungarians what a real threat the Nazis presented to the peace of Europe, and, as the most exposed of the Danubian nations (lacking both wide rivers, dense There were now over two-and-a-half million men under arms in the German Army, of which the Waffen-SS contributed about 100,000. After the mobilization this peace army was strengthened by 16 reserve divisions, 21 ‘Home Guard’ divisions and 14 supplementary divisions. The ubiquitous German infantry platoon was the backbone of the German military machine. Irwin 1 RWF 1 R Berks 2 DLI: 10 Field 16 Field 99 Field 13 Antitank: 5 Field 506 Field 208 Field 21 Field Park 0000001428 00000 n The 7.65mm Walther was issued only to higher ranking officers. The Wehrmacht alone had 175 infantry divisions in June 1941. The 35 divisions set up as part of the original wave still had a total strength of almost 18,000 men, while the following wave had a total strength of about 15,000 men. At the time of the mobilization on 26 August 1939, the German army had 51 divisions: 35 infantry divisions, 4 motorized infantry divisions, 5 Panzer (tank) divisions and one tank brigade, 4 light divisions and 3 mountain divisions. The army was led by the Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres – OKH for short – with its general staff. The Infantry Battalion, circa 1939 to 1940 Battalion Headquarters (4 Officers, 43 men) Headquarter Company (6 Officers, 215 men), comprised of; Company HQ (1 Officer, 6 men) Signal Platoon (1 Officer, 33 men) Anti-aircraft Platoon (16 men) Mortar Platoon (17 men) Carrier Platoon (1 Officer, 29 men) Pioneer Platoon (20 men) 19 tank divisions Since in 1940 (according to many sources) organization of German rifle platoon slightly changed (4 squads per platoon instead of 3 - so 108 rifle squads per regiment instead of 81), this number would not be enough to equipp all rifle squad commanders and all rifle company commanders in such organized regiment (this would require 117 - 144, 135 in case of equipping squad and platoon … The infantry howitzer (13th) company has six light 75-mm and two heavy 150-mm infantry howitzers. In addition to division artillery, which could differ in equipment and organization in each division, armies and corps also had their own additional batteries of medium and heavy artillery. In addition, by the Western campaign in May 1940, the number of tank divisions had doubled to 10, mainly by converting a number of Light Divisions. 1 Provost Company 1 Postal Unit 1 Mobile Bath Unit: 2 Infantry MG H.C. Loyd: 4 Infantry [#] BG E.G. 6 7.5-cm infantry guns and 3 mountain divisions and The Men Behind the Counters The German Infantry Platoon By Dave Murray January 2013. Their flexible structure, which was based on the battalion instead of the regiment, as well as their first-class training made them powerful opponents, and they had an elite status within the Wehrmacht. Each battalion consisted of five companies. 14 motorized infantry divisions and Welle) 10 May 1940 2. The anti-tank Abteilung consisted of 24 motorized 3.7-cm PAK 36 and was supplemented by the two regimental anti-tank companies, each of which had nine 3.7-cm-Pak and three (Czech) 4.7-cm-Pak. Copyright © 2006-2021 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - THE OPERATORS OF THIS SITE DISSOCIATE THEMSELVES FROM CONTENTS OF OTHER WEBSITES, WHICH ARE LINKED ON THESE PAGES. It approximated to the British battalion, artillery regiment or tank regiment. The artillery regiment therefore had two Abteilungen (sections) with eight 7.5 cm guns each, one section with eight 10.5 cm guns and one section with eight 15 cm guns. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Infantry divisions were set up in waves and the divisions of each wave varied in size, organization and equipment, depending on the availability of men and material and their intended use in the field. The battalion was divided into one machine-gun company and three rifle companies only in infantry divisions of the first wave, while the divisions of subsequent waves had mixed companies. 129 infantry divisions, 16,500-17,200 (35 divisions of 1st wave 18,000, 48 (8 x 15cm, 36 x 10.5cm leFH, 4 x 10.5cm guns), 42 (24 x 10.5cm leFH, 12 x 15cm, 6 x 15cm SIG33 SP-guns), 30 (2 x 2cm, 4 x 8.8 cm, 24 x SdKfz 10/4). [amazon_link asins=’1904687466,B074ZMJ74N,1782745920′ template=’ProductGrid’ store=’wwto-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’dd243bb4-b449-4a53-b6a6-1e90c4445475′]. 0000002240 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %âãÏÓ 51st Artillery Division; 3rd Shock Army; 5th Armoured Guards; Waffen. They consisted of a tank regiment with two or three battalions of three companies each, a Panzergrenadier brigade of two or sometimes three regiments, an artillery regiment and the usual support units, including strong battalions of anti-tank and reconnaissance troops. 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